Today, the Dodge Viper is one of the symbols of the American automobile industry.
It was first introduced to the general public in 1991. In designing the first generation of the “viper” (that is how the word Viper is translated from English), two-time Formula 1 world champion Emerson Fittipaldi took part. The debut made a splash. This car is still considered the most sporty of all road cars made in the USA.
The second generation of the Dodge Viper appeared five years after the first – in 1996. Then, a coupe appeared in pair with the convertible, which participated in various competitions, supporting the sports image of the Dodge. The coupe naturally had a roof, a full-fledged rear window and, as a result, a slightly different rear part than the convertible.
Another five years passed, and in January 2001, at the Detroit Auto Show, the public was able to see the third generation of this legendary car. Dodge Viper R-10, just such a designation received the new “Viper”, retained all the traditional features of the Viper. The exterior design of the car has not changed very much. Front spoilers, doors, fenders and hood inherited.
The new “Viper” lights remained almost the same as in the previous version, the same huge foglights remained. Even the exhaust pipe was left on the side, and not moved back, as was originally planned. After a survey of the owners of the Dodge Viper, it turned out that they consider the exhaust pipe on the threshold of one of the car’s signature features, along with four huge openings in the radiator grille and stylish headlights.
Another branded element of the Dodge Viper is a V-shaped 10-cylinder engine of gigantic volume – 8.3 liters. Engineers from DaimlerChrysler Corporation suggested installing a more compact and lightweight smaller engine and reducing cylinder volume while maintaining power. But in this case, a significant part of the Viper’s image would have disappeared, because it has under its hood the most voluminous engine in the world among cars.
506 hp aluminum powertrain sustained in the American canons and from a European point of view is outdated: the only camshaft located in the collapse of the unit, through the pushers leads valves – only two per cylinder! Nevertheless, a monstrous moment of 712 Nm provides the bailout of 1565 kilogram Viper to hundreds in just 3.9 seconds! The maximum speed is 306 km / h. The drag coefficient is 0.39 Cd.
Controlling the take-off process allows not only an almost perfect axle weight balance (49.4% to 50.6%), but also 18-inch front wheels and 19-inch rear wheels.
By design, the Viper is a typical racing car: a frame-panel base with hinged plastic elements. To implement breathtaking traction equipment and load the driving rear wheels, a rather rare version of the classic layout was used – the engine was shifted back to the front wheels, and the six-speed manual gearbox was combined with the main gear (with a limited slip differential) and placed between the rear wheels.
Gearbox – updated. At first speed, the car is capable of delivering 80 km / h. Only the heroes reach the last – the sixth.
The uniqueness of Viper is that many of its objective flaws are perceived as signs of exclusivity, or even a continuation of advantages. For the pleasure of owning one of the fastest cars in the world, owners have to pay a tight narrow interior, a nominal trunk, stiffer suspension, poor sound insulation, an almost 13-meter turning circle, heavy pedals and the lack of a spare wheel.
But in general, the third generation of Viper is still the same legendary “Viper” – ferocious, lightning fast, uncompromising.
In 2005, the American tuning company Hennessey presented its own development at the SEMA specialized exhibition in Las Vegas, a 1000-horsepower version of the Dodge Viper SRT-10 coupe.
A twofold increase in the power of the basic 8.3-liter engine was achieved by installing two turbochargers providing a pressure of 1.5 bar. As a result, the maximum torque of this engine has grown to 1491Nm.
Power is transmitted to the drive wheels through a six-speed manual gearbox, and a limited slip differential is also installed at the rear. From zero to one hundred kilometers per hour, the extreme Viper can accelerate in three seconds, and its maximum speed reaches 410 kilometers per hour.
In addition to the power unit, Hennessey’s Dodge Viper also received a completely new suspension, powerful braking mechanisms and a new aerodynamic body kit that ensures the stability of the car at high speeds. Wheels of the Viper SRT-10 are 20-inch, with dimensions of 265/35 in the front and 335/30 in the rear.