Alfa Romeo Giulietta
Alfa Romeo Giulietta was launched in 1954. Giulietta in terms of technology can serve as a model for many modern cars. An engine with two overhead camshafts (such a scheme has been used since 1926 on almost all Alfa Romeo gasoline engines) with a working volume of 1290 cc and a power of 54 hp was installed on the basic version.
Giulietta Sprint with a coupe body was produced from 1954 to 1968. The body for this car was developed by Carrozzeria Bertone. This model has a 4-cylinder in-line engine with a displacement of 1290 cm.s., maximum power 65 hp Maximum speed – 165 km.h.
The versatile version based on the Giulietta was developed by Colli in collaboration with Alfa Romeo, and was in production from 1957 to 1960. 91 copies were released. In 1957 – 1 pc., In 1959 – 71, 1960 – 19 pcs. From 1957 to 1959, cars of the first series – 750C were produced, from 1959 cars of the second series – 101.22. The main difference between the machines of the first and second series was reduced to the external design, for example, a different false radiator grille.
Giulietta Weekendena was developed and implemented by Carrozzeria Boneschi in 1957 as an alternative to the universal released by Colli. It was presented at the Turin Motor Show. Probably, this particular machine can be considered one of the first wagons of a sports sense among cars with a small displacement. The car, in contrast to the utilitarian Promiscua Colli, had a more inclined rear pillar, which gave the car a fast dynamic silhouette. In terms of mechanics, the car was completely identical to the Giulietta Berlina. The exact number of cars produced is not known, as well as whether at least one instance has been preserved.
Alfa Romeo Giulietta differed from the passenger car of the pronounced sports character of Alfetta only in bodywork. Alfetta / Giulietta is characterized by a typical southern “temperament”, good suspension and interior comfort and road stability. By the way, the independent suspension of wheels at Alfetta / Giulietta (front on the longitudinal torsion bars, rear spring) is quite durable and can withstand our roads.
The car has a rather original design: the engine is in front, the location is longitudinal, and the gearbox along with the differential is located at the rear. Driving wheels, of course, rear. This is done to better distribute the weight along the axes, which gave improved stability during movement. However, this design also has drawbacks, namely: the shaft connecting the motor to the gearbox rotates with the engine speed, which leads to rapid wear of the bearings in which it is located; the gear shift is not clear enough, and the shift lever is large, plus a rather unpleasant heating of the rear seat from the heat of the gearbox with differential, especially in summer. This model is also distinguished by heavy steering.
The main attraction of all Alfa Romeo models are motors. And the engines with a cylinder capacity of 1600 cm3 (108 hp), 1800 cm3 (121 hp) and 2000 cm3 (130 hp), originating from the beginning of the 1960s, are especially good (even externally ) In addition to high power, these motors have good traction characteristics (i.e. torque characteristics); for their power, they are quite economical (from 11 liters of AI-98 gasoline per 100 km for a 1.6 liter engine to 13.5 liters for a 2.0 liter engine), as well as reliable and withstand mileage of up to 150 thousand km without repair. By the way, the maximum speed of Juliet is from 165 to 190 km / h.
In 1985, Alfa Romeo 75 appeared instead of Juliet.
In the 21st century, Giulietta returned to the Alfa Romeo range. The debut took place at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2010. The model replaced the 147th. The hatchback has a length of 4.35 m, a width of 1.80 m and a height of 1.46 m. The wheelbase is 2.63 m and the luggage compartment holds 350 liters.
Giulietta is available in the back of a five-door hatchback, it is noteworthy that in the best traditions of Italian design, the rear handles are hidden by glass. The design of the car at first glance seems too modern and even futuristic, but the radiator grille suggests the opposite – it was as if it had just been removed from the Giulietta model of the 50s and inserted into the car of the second decade of the 21st century.
The interior of the Giulietta matches its catchy exterior. Solid, with a hint of sporty style, made a dashboard, instrument cluster and controls. In expensive versions of the model, a double panoramic sunroof is offered. Build quality at the highest level.
The car is built on the Fiat Compact platform, which is made of lightweight high-strength steel to reduce weight. The McPerson struts have separate steering knuckles at the front, and the three-lever with aluminum levers at the back. Steering gear – with electric power.
Initially, the Giulietta was delivered with four diesel turbo engines with a standard Stop-Start system: these are gasoline 1.4-liter units with a capacity of 120 and 170 liters. pp., as well as 1.6- and 2.0-liter diesel engines with a capacity of 105 liters. from. and 170 hp respectively.