Ferrari F 430 Spider
The debut of the rear-wheel drive convertible Ferrari F430 Spider took place in 2005 at the Geneva Motor Show. In the same year, sales began, first in Europe, and then on the American market.
Participation in Formula 1 competitions and ring races gives Ferrari an advantage over other companies: on the track you can perfectly test new technologies, and then apply them on ordinary, production models.
The Spider design, down to the characteristic five-spoke wheels, was designed with the participation of the Pininfarina body shop, a traditional Ferrari partner. Aerodynamics of the car was developed using Formula 1 technology using a virtual layout and computer simulation. Each body element works for the correct distribution of air flows and optimal axle loading, such as, for example, the rear wing integrated into the transparent plastic cover that covers the engine compartment. The front air intakes are reminiscent of a Ferrari racing 60s.
Spider has a two-door 2-seater body with dimensions of 4512/1923/1214 mm with a base of 2600 mm and track 1669/1616 mm. Structurally, the model does not differ from the coupe. As on the F430, the engine is located longitudinally in front of the rear axle in the base and is visible through the glass bonnet, the supporting space frame is made of aluminum alloy and further reinforced, and the outer panels are made of aluminum and carbon fiber. This model (in closed and open version) confirms the achievements of Ferrari “aluminum” technologies, first tested on 360 Modena.
F430 Spider (“Spider”) is equipped with a soft, folding in 20 seconds, electric roof. Trunk volume 250 l.
With Formula 1 cars, this stylish convertible makes the electronically controlled E-Diff differential in the rear axle more efficient to use the power of the motor on coatings with different grip coefficients, as well as the off-standard steering wheel with a rotary switch (known as the “manettino” on the Scuderia Formula 1) to quickly change the settings of car systems and ensure optimal dynamic characteristics in specific road conditions. Modes are possible: Sport (designed for dry coating), Rase (when passing a winding track), “Rain”, “Snow” and “All off.” Dashboard ergonomics are impeccable. The engine is started by pressing the “Engine start” button. The salon is ascetic, which is secondary for cars in this category. Seats with excellent fixation allow you to feel the car every cell of the body.
The generation of F430 models marked the arrival of new 8-cylinder engines: the same engine is installed on the Spider as on the F430 coupe – a 32-valve petrol V8 jointly developed with Maserati with distributed injection and a DOHC gas distribution system with a capacity of 4,308 liters and 490 hp. at 8500 rpm and with a torque of 465 Nm at 5250 rpm. With it, the car accelerates to “hundreds” in 4.1 seconds (0.1 seconds slower than the hardtop Ferrari F430), the maximum speed reaches 311 km / h. Consumption of 98th gasoline is 13.3 liters per 100 km on the highway, 26.9 liters in the city and 18.3 liters in the combined cycle.
The engine is aggregated with a 6-speed semi-automatic gearbox F1A with gear shifting using the paddle buttons under the steering wheel.
Independent front and rear suspensions on double wishbones with anti-roll bars. Ventilated disc brakes both front and rear, developed in close collaboration with Brembo. Brake discs are made of a new special alloy using molybdenum for better heat dissipation. Another option is carbon-ceramic discs with increased efficiency and extended service life.
The Spider is equipped with exclusive Goodyear Eagle F1 GSD3 EMT tires specially designed for the F430 model with front tires 225 / 35ZR19 and rear tires 285 / 35ZR19. The ground clearance is sufficient for public roads – 120 mm.
At the Detroit Auto Show in 2008, the F430 Spider Bio Fuel concept, powered by bio-ethanol, was introduced, with changes to the fuel supply system and CPU settings. With these changes and the use of ethanol, the maximum engine power increased by 10 hp, torque increased by 4%, and harmful emissions decreased by 5%. Plans for the creation of eco-engines in Maranello suggest the development by 2012 of engines that will reduce gas consumption and harmful emissions by 40%.