The Fiat Uno Class B front-wheel drive hatchback was introduced by FIAT in March 1983 in Geneva. Its appearance on the market contributed to the restoration of lost positions by this automaker during the energy crisis of the 70s. The model was the result of the largest financial investments for that time in the history of the company, and the hopes came true: Uno was a huge success in its segment and became truly massive.
In the early years of its production, every third car manufactured in Italy wore this brand. Namely, “number one” – Uno remained the most popular on the Apennine peninsula for more than a decade. Over the years, more than 8 million cars have been sold.
In May 1995, the Fiat Uno was removed from the assembly line in Italy (it was replaced by the heir – Fiat Punto) and transferred for production to the Polish Fiat-Polsca plant in Bielsko-Biala, the Turkish unit of Tofas-Fiat, as well as the Egyptian branch of EI Nasr, where This model is available to the present.
In addition, the FIAT Brazilian factory in Betim Minas Giraes has been collecting upgraded versions of the Fiat Mille Fire (export name Uno) since 2004. This brand has been produced in Brazil since 1984 and has already undergone the 7th update. Compact Uno Furgao commercial vehicles (in Europe, Uno Van) with plastic plugs instead of side rear windows are also produced there, in addition to this, the dorestyled Uno Van is assembled in small quantities in Poland. In Argentina, released a 1.2-liter Uno Fire. In South Africa, Uno was produced until 2005. Coarse assembly of the model is carried out in Pakistan.
In 2009, an entirely new generation of Fiat Uno is expected in Italy.
The model is offered in 3- and 5-door body styles. Uno retains the angular exterior developed by ItalDesign that dates back to the 80s; the drag coefficient of the body, by the way, was then 0.34. Now it is a little more streamlined, with a changed plastic radiator trim combined with a bumper. The dimensions of the car are 3692/1548/1445 mm with a base of 2361 mm and a track of 1337/1357 mm. Ground clearance is 150 mm.
The salon, modernized in 2004, is equipped with a new comfortable steering wheel and is finished with improved, modern materials. A well-designed interior of the car leaves enough space for the legs, and the steering column is adjustable in height. The basic equipment includes a power steering, an electric corrector for headlights, seat belt pretensioners, a central locking system, and air-conditioning, a sunroof, electric windows and mirrors, etc. are offered for a surcharge. The luggage compartment is 290/968 l and the car’s payload is 400 kg.
The first models in the basic configuration used an outdated 0.903 liter engine (45 hp, a top speed of 140 km / h), similar to the one equipped with the Fiat 127. In 1985, the new Fire series engine with a displacement of 0.999 liter, equipped with a central electronic Magneti-Marelli injection and manufactured using new automated technology on a robotic line. This 4-cylinder 8-valve gasoline power unit (55 hp, 83 Nm) has been installed on the Brazilian versions for quite some time, since 2005 they have been powered only with ethanol (66 hp, 92 Nm), gasoline engines in Brazil have been removed from production.
In addition, a number of other, more powerful gasoline and diesel engines were subsequently used. For example, the power of a 1.4-liter turbo-charged gasoline engine model Uno Turbo (years 1985-89) was originally 100 hp, and since 1989 – 114 hp This car developed a speed of more than 200 km / h, and the acceleration time from standstill to 100 km / h did not exceed 8.3 s. In different years, gasoline engines of 0.9 l (45 h.p.), 1.0 l (46 h.p.), 1.1 l (51-57 h.p.), 1.5 l were also installed on the model (76 hp), 1.7 l diesel (58 hp), 1.9 l (60 hp) and 1.4 liter turbodiesel (72 hp). Uno with an R4 8V engine of 1.4 l (71 hp, 106 Nm) accelerates to 100 km / h in 12.4 s, top speed is 165 km / h, and the consumption of 95th gasoline is 9.4 liters per urban and 5.6 liters per hundred in the suburban cycle.
The model is equipped with a 5-speed manual gearbox. The front suspension is independent with spring struts, triangular wishbones and anti-roll bar. Semi-dependent rear with trailing arms, coil springs and telescopic shock absorbers. Front disc brakes and rear drum brakes; ABS is available as an option. The standard tire size is 145 / 80R13.
The main advantages of Fiat Uno are practicality with good dynamic characteristics.