Taurus debuted in 1985 in Los Angeles. The front-wheel drive, mid-size Taurus was available in only two bodies: a four-door sedan and a station wagon. The curb weight of the car was about 1450 kg with a wheelbase of 2.7 m. The futuristic form of the Ford Taurus did not have a radiator grill, but just a panel in body color, where Ford’s oval was located between the headlights. Due to the large glass area and narrow racks, the car had excellent visibility.
Taurus was introduced in four versions: L, MT-5, GL and LX. The L and MT-5 models were quite simple, equipped with a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder engine that developed 90 hp. These modifications had the main difference in the transmission: L was supplied with a 3-speed automatic transmission of the ATX type, and MT-5 with a 5-speed manual transmission, hence the name MT-5 (Manual Transmission-5).
Options GL had some features, such as mirrors and visors in the visors, a cargo net in the trunk, as well as a central armrest in the back seat in the sedan. The LX package was equipped with such equipment as air conditioning, power windows, central locking, electric driver’s seat, stereo radio, cruise control, etc.
Due to the fact that a 4-cylinder engine was not really enough for a mid-size sedan, the LX and partially GL modifications were equipped with a 3.0-liter V-shaped 6-cylinder engine. with a capacity of 140hp Cars with such an engine were equipped with a 4-speed automatic transmission of the AXOD type.
The 1986 model had the yellow inserts of the “turn signals” on the taillights so beloved in Europe. Subsequently, in 1988, the rear light lenses, with the exception of the reversing lenses, became completely red.
The LX luxury model was distinguished by an electric telescopic antenna and an up-down cabin switch. Also on the luxury version were available “turn lights” – on the front bumper on the side were two flush lamps with transparent lenses, which turned on depending on the turn signal switch and illuminate the corresponding side of the road. This option lasted until 1993 inclusive.
Also on the luxury version were silver-painted bumpers and plastic cover-panels of doors and wings (they were used until 1995, they only began to be painted in body color). An automatic headlight switch-on system (photosensor) was also available on it; interior mirrors with backlight; back support airbags (up to 1999) in the front seats. And also a steering wheel upholstered in genuine leather was available.
In 1988, the high-speed sports modification “SHO” (“Super High Output”) appeared with a 3-liter V6 rated at 220 hp, with four valves per cylinder. The engine was aggregated only by a 5-speed manual transmission, with automatic transmission it was delivered only in 1993. The SHO version is available only with a sedan body.
In 1988, a V6 engine appeared in the range of power units, the same power as 3 liters, but with an increased volume of up to 3.8 liters, which led to an increase in its torque to 291 N / m and greater drag due to a decrease in power characteristics (The maximum power of 140 hp was reached at 3800 rpm). This engine is optional for all Taurus except the L and MT-5.
In 1988, Taurus MT-5 Wagon was discontinued.
Since 1989, some modifications began to install the ABS anti-lock system as an option.
In 1990, a driver airbag, ABS (only for a sedan), a CD player, and a slightly modified dashboard began to be installed on cars as standard. It should be noted that the dashboards at that time included several types that differed both in appearance and in different grading of the speedometer and odometer scales (miles or km).
In 1991, the 4-cylinder engine was finalized and its power increased from the previous 90 to 115 hp. Also in 1991, a new configuration came out, called the L-Plus, going for the Taurus L and equipped with air conditioning, automatic transmission and a central lock.
Of the technical innovations of 1991, it is worth noting the release of a modified four-speed automatic transmission, called the AXOD-E. The cardinal difference from the previous AXOD was the electronic gear shift and linear pressure control, which led to a smoother gear shift.
In 1992, after deep modernization, the second generation of Taurus appeared. It is distinguished from the previous one by a new body design, an updated interior and a modified chassis. The restyling of the body was evolutionary – the general form was the same, but many parts of the body became new. The update consisted of narrow headlights, modified taillights and more smoothed body lines. The dimensions of the car remained the same, except for the total length, which increased by 10 cm to 4.88 m.
The interior was updated to a less angular one, there was a backlight for power windows and a new design for the seats and doors.