In the early 60s, Ford specialists set themselves the task of creating a convenient, versatile vehicle for the European market. Hence, many different modifications of the basic Transit: from a traditional truck with a rear drive axle to front-wheel drive delivery vans with a lowered body floor.
The original name of the car was “Little Red Riding Hood” (Eng. “Redcap”), and only in 1965 before the start of production preference was given to the name Transit. Arguing this choice by the internationality of the name, which will be clear to customers around the world.
Since that time, Transit vans have been used in various fields of human activity: they served as police and fire engines, acted as ambulances and school buses, and of course, transported a variety of cargoes. On the basis of Transit, special tanks and dump trucks were made. And by the order of one of the Arab sheikhs, Transit was turned into a mobile bedroom with a chic bed.
The first generation of these cars appeared in 1965. And under the hood they stood a V-shaped four-cylinder gasoline engine.
In 1978, the release of the second, highly modernized, generation began. New engines appeared, the look became more strict (rectangular headlights, a plastic radiator grill).
The third-generation Transit hit the assembly line in 1986. It was produced in the form of several models, which differed in various base lengths and maximum loads.
The main driving force was a 2.5-liter diesel engine with direct fuel injection.
In 1989, a 80 hp diesel engine appeared. as well as a 2.0 liter diesel engine with an adjustable catalyst.
In 1991, the model was modernized.
In 1994 there was a slight restyling: the oval cladding replaced the radiator grille of horizontal bars.
A new generation appears in 2000. The Transit family is becoming even more numerous: vans, buses and utility vehicles with two options for the base length (2835 and 3570 mm), flat, high (medium) or high roofs.
The steering wheel is mounted almost horizontally, and the back of the driver’s seat is strictly vertical. A wide range of adjustments allows you to find the optimal position for a person of any configuration. High landing provides the driver with excellent visibility, and rear-view mirrors do their job well. They are divided in two horizontally: the lower part of the mirror shows the area near the rear wheel, and the upper one shows the side of the body and the cars adjacent to the stream.
The salon is quite spacious. Note that the passenger seats for the eight -, and for the nine -, and for the twelve-seat version are exactly the same. On the face are the fruits of unification. At the request of the customer, Transit can be either front- or rear-wheel drive. Moreover, these versions have a minimum of differences from each other. The secret is simple: the body itself is universal for both versions, as well as the brake and hydraulic systems. And the engine with attachments and suspension is mounted on a special subframe. Thus, replacing the entire subframe as a whole, you can very quickly make the front-wheel drive Ford Transit rear-wheel drive.
On the basis of the large Transit commercial model, Ford has created yet another “merchant” – Transit Connect. He has an original appearance and is slightly smaller than his ancestor, although he borrowed many of its components and assemblies. Ford Transit Connect is available in several versions, built on a common platform, which differ in overall dimensions and interior equipment. The maximum carrying capacity of the car in one of the modifications is 900 kilograms, and the van itself is equipped with one of two modern turbodiesels. This model received the title “Van of the Year 2003”.
Just after the debut of the new generation in 2000, Ford introduced the unusual Transit, prepared by the Ford Racing sports department with the WRC prefix. The power of the serial 2.4-liter turbodiesel was brought to 165 hp, thanks to which the Transit WRC could accelerate from zero to “hundreds” in just 7.9 seconds, and the maximum speed reached over 200 km / h. The van had a powerful and reliable safety cage, carbon fiber sports seats with five-point seat belts. The front discs are ventilated in diameter of 400 mm. For the Transit WRC, two types of “rubber” were provided: 18 and 20-inch wheels.
By 2001, the Transit engine range included: 2.0-liter DuraTorq TD turbodiesels that developed 55, 63 and 74 hp. The rear-wheel drive versions were equipped with 2.4-liter turbodiesels, which, depending on the degree of boost, produced 90 or 125 hp. For lovers of fast driving, a 145-horsepower gasoline unit was reserved in the engine line.
However, in 2002, Ford added a 125-horsepower DuraTorq TDCi direct-injection turbo diesel to its engine range.