Aston Martin Vanquish
The debut of V12 Vanquish (Eng. “Winner”) took place in 2000. The car has become the new flagship of the Aston Martin lineup. It is offered in two versions: with a landing formula 2 + 2 or double closed. All the traditional features of Aston Martin cars are reflected in the body shape: swiftness, dynamism, recessed headlights, covered with transparent fairings. Unlike the DB7 model, the radiator grill area has increased, which gives the car a more aggressive look, and the headlights and direction indicators are now made as a single unit.
Thanks to a powerful engine and the use of lightweight materials, the model has acquired amazing driving characteristics. The abundance of electronics complements the picture. All information is processed by the on-board computer (which, according to engineers, can execute up to 2 million commands per second), is displayed, and the most important is duplicated by voice.
The design is widely used modern materials and technical innovations. V12 Vanquish body panels, including floor, and front and rear bulkheads, are molded in stamped aluminum. Also, carbon fiber was used in the design of the car, which replaced aluminum alloys and composite materials. This ensures compliance with standards of efficiency, structural integrity and collision protection, comparable to the requirements for modern Formula 1 cars.
The interior is a complete departure from the philosophy of Aston Martin. The interior was filled with heavy parts and a cold shine of aluminum. From the English style, only elegant instrument scales, a round retro watch and the red starter button prevailing in the center console are preserved. The quality of finishing materials and the thoroughness of assembly at the highest level. 6-liter 12-cylinder V-engine with 450 hp able to accelerate the car to “hundreds” in 4.7 seconds, and a top speed of 306 km / h. The maximum torque is 556 N • m at 5000 rpm.
When fine-tuning the motor, the main task of the designers was to facilitate it, while increasing power. The weight of the crankshaft was reduced by 6.3 kg (it uses 8 counterweights instead of 12), hollow camshafts saved 5.4 kg, another 4 kilograms were won due to precision casting and changes in the design of the collectors. The capacity of the oil pan was reduced from 12 to 9.5 liters. As a result, the engine weighs 290 kg. To protect the car body, made of aluminum and plastic composites, from the damaging effects of high temperatures, the exhaust system of the engine was wrapped in special heat-resistant material borrowed from the aerospace industry.
The checkpoint was commissioned to develop the Magneti Marelli. The electro-hydraulic sequential semi-automatic sequential gearshift manufactured by this company provides a shift to any of six gears in 0.014 s, with 0.075 s between switching off and on the clutch. Visteon electronic control system provides a continuous exchange of information between the engine, gearbox and brake system with delays of no more than 8 milliseconds. The same system provides anti-theft protection of the car.
Vanquish is equipped with a full arsenal of electronic driver assistants: ABS, EBD, TCS and a WSP (Wheel Spin Protection) system that prevents slippage on slippery roads by forcibly shifting gears at low engine speeds (3200 rpm) and braking the stalled wheels using service brake system. To curb the heroic power of Aston Martin, the limited-slip differential, which works in conjunction with the WSP system, is also called upon.
The Aston Martin Vanquish undercarriage was initially created by upgrading the DB7 components, but the high-raised bar prompted engineers to start from scratch. In particular, a new rear suspension was created with a noticeable longitudinal tilt of the levers to prevent pecks. The development of the suspension was initially carried out in close cooperation with the Japanese tire company Yokohama. We tested 11 different combinations of the mixture, tread pattern, wall stiffness and tire construction, and finally found an acceptable one – 255/40 ZR19 tires were installed in front and 285/40 ZR19 tires in the back.
Every year, English workers assemble about 300 cars, each manually and individually, so there are no identical Vanquish V12s.
At the 2004 Paris Motor Show, the Aston Martin V12 Vanquish S. was presented. It features a modified exterior design, including a new front bumper, enlarged air intakes, new 19-inch exclusive wheels and a boot lid that improves the model’s aerodynamic performance. Other changes include front and rear brake discs increased to 355 and 330 mm, an updated luxurious interior with suede, Alcantara and polished aluminum trim.