The history of the Bugatti brand
Bugatti is a French company specializing in the production of racing, sports and exclusive cars. Even in a narrow circle of legendary exclusive cars, a special place is reserved for the Bugatti. Almost no one was able to so impress the public’s imagination as Ettore Bugatti and his followers did.
Engineer and artist Ettore Bugatti founded the company in 1909. He took the path of widespread use of advanced technology in the name of mechanical efficiency and lightweight construction. As a result, a mobile car with a guaranteed speed of 100 km / h came off the assembly line of the company, which was easy and pleasant to drive. The Bugatti Type 13 model, prepared by Bugatti mechanic Ernest Frederick, finished second on one of the French Grand Prix on July 23, 1911. This car was the most significant novelty on the eve of the company’s war of 1914 and the base for all modifications of the Bugatti, up to model 59.
In the 20s. the world-famous Bugatti model brought the Type 35 GP, which won more than one and a half thousand victories in car racing and became famous at the time as the most successful model of the racing class Grand Prix. Everything in the exterior of this car served one purpose – speed. The car was very stable on difficult tracks thanks to a brilliant combination of technical elegance and well-balanced handling characteristics. The four-cylinder Type 40 1922 contemporaries called “Morris Cowley” in the performance of “Bugatti”.
The legendary Royale model – the deliberately extravagant Bugatti Type 41 – was released in 1927. The long wheelbase (over 4.27 m) of the model made driving easier: the car was unexpectedly maneuverable on city streets. The work of art was wheels, the spokes of which were assembled from piano strings.
Since 1923, the company has launched the luxurious supercharged Bugatti Type 43, a successful Bugatti Type 35B in design solutions, and although not as pronounced as a sports, but technologically carefully balanced Bugatti Type 44, deservedly crowned with laurels.
In 1930, Bugatti introduced two cars, called the Bug, at Le Mans 24 Hours. In these competitions, the ugly-looking Bugatti Bug, which was based on the Type 40 design, gracefully and relentlessly followed the favorites.
The next year 1931 was significant for the company in connection with the appearance of the Type 50, which was radically different from its competitors in Le Mans 24 Hours: while the manufacturers of sports cars were fascinated by the pursuit of horsepower and engine power, Bugatti created the perfect engine for that time – 8 – Cylinder, with a double cylinder head, 5-liter, 250 hp This model was built on the model of American racing cars, but did not copy them.
Until 1937, a series of defeats lasted for the sports Bugatti, when Type 57, with a 3.3-liter engine and low chassis, won the Le Mans 24 Hours, taking first two places ahead of the 3-liter Alfa Romeo, 4-liter Talbot and a 4.5-liter Lagonda.
The most appropriate to the demands of motorists of these years was the model 46 (mini-Royale), striking in its luxury.
Jean Bugatti, son of Ettore Bugatti, designed the Atlantic model on the Type 57SC chassis. This model has been featured in all Bugatti catalogs for several years, but was built in only three copies. All three cars of the Bugatti Type 57SC Atlantic have survived to this day.
The tragic death of Jean Bugatti a few weeks after winning the 24-hour race in 1939, the beginning of World War II ended the sports career of the brand “Bugatti”. However, in the annals of racing in Le Mans 24 Hours, this name is entered in gold letters!
After World War II, luxury cars declined sharply, leading the Bugatti to a financial disaster. Oddly enough, but it was Bugatti in the first post-war years who tried to apply a modern approach to creating her new models.
In 1947, at an automobile exhibition in Paris, the company showed a new Type 73 model with a four-cylinder engine with a displacement of 1,488 cubic meters. see. But in August, Ettore Bugatti dies, and his family was not able to put the car into production at the factory in Molsheim, although in the early 50s they managed to collect several copies of the Type 101 model, which was essentially a “turned” Type 57 model and It turned out to be uncompetitive, because it was uninteresting in design and frankly outdated in technical terms.
In 1963, the enterprises moved to the company Spanish-Suiza, not already engaged in automobiles. However, in countries such as Germany and the United States, stylization under the Bugatti heyday is still common.
At the end of the 80s. the company experienced a rebirth. The illustrious Bugatti name again pops up when among the supercars seeking to overcome the 322 km / h barrier, a powerful extraordinary car appears that has nothing to do with the classic Bugatti forms – EB110