Alfa romeo 145
The three-door hatchback Alfa Romeo 145 was first introduced in July 1994, the 5-door version 146 – six months later. Made on the basis of Bravo / Brava hatchbacks of the parent company FIAT. These cars, in accordance with the new policy of the common platforms of the FIAT concern, which controls the Italian company, replaced the popular Alfa Romeo 33.
A car for everyday active life: trips to work, cottage, for business. It is the most popular and sought after model of the company. Front-wheel drive hatchback lower middle class (Golf-class). The engine is gasoline. Installed 2 candles per cylinder. 5-speed manual gearbox. Independent suspension of all wheels. The gearbox is mechanical.
The first versions of the 145 were equipped with engines installed on the 33rd, with a displacement of 1.3, 1.5 and 1.7 liters, as well as a slightly modified 16-valve version of the latter. Therefore, at first this model was not particularly popular – being 200 kg heavier than its predecessor, it did not reach its magnificent dynamics and controllability. But the situation radically changed already in January 1996, when the release of the top versions of the Alfa Romeo 145 QV and Alfa Romeo 146ti with a forced 2.0-liter engine and advanced aerodynamics was launched.
The three-door model Alfa Romeo 145, equipped with a two-liter engine with 16 valves in the cylinder head block and an ignition system with double candles, has ceased to be a novelty in the segment of the middle-class passenger car market. Driven by an engine traction control system from Bosch Motronic M2 103, this model can reach speeds of 210 km / h.
Dynamic characteristics of the 145th: a compact spacious body with an easily convertible trunk, an attractive design, powerful engines, good all-round visibility, various security features, as well as central door locks, power windows, an anti-theft device make the car a leader. The car never fails the driver. No need to complain about the lack of ride comfort.
A sporty suspension that holds the road well may seem a little harsh, but it’s a payment for the “male” image of the Alfa Romeo brand, whose expressive models are traditionally decorated with a V-shaped air intake label. The streamlined wedge-shaped and sporty image of the Model 145 is complemented by stylish, flush-aligned wheel arches and door handles recessed into the plane. The most sophisticated, 150-horsepower, all-wheel drive model 145 Cloverleaf, when starting from a standpoint, reaches a speed of 100 km / h in 8.4 s.
Building on success, in March 1997 the company released new versions equipped with 1.6-liter and 1.8-liter twin-spark (double spark) 16-valve engines that replaced the traditional boxer motors for Alfa Romeo “, also installed on the model” 33 “.
In addition to new engines, these models also received a new transmission, improved interior and front ventilated disks. Since that time, a driver’s airbag has been standard on both cars.
In May 1998, updated versions of the “145” and “146” were released with engines from the Alfa Romeo 156 1.8 and 2.0 TS 16v, standing up to the class, with 144 and 155 hp. with variable geometry of the intake tract. Now the range of updated models “145” and “146” includes five engines: five 16-valve gasoline displacement of 1.4, 1.6, 1.8 and 2.0 liters, as well as one 1.9-liter turbodiesel. It is a vortex-chamber engine with one camshaft and a light alloy cylinder head. All of the listed engines are paired exclusively with a 5-speed manual gearbox.
The upgraded version of the 145th immediately became very popular in Europe, which did not slow to affect sales volumes. Around the same time, a 2.0-liter turbodiesel version appears.
The car design, as well as the design of all the latest Alfa Romeo models, was developed by “local craftsmen” from the “Centro Style Alfa Romeo”. Cars noticeably younger with new optics and a radiator in the style of the latest 166th model. External differences with the earlier versions are as follows: new body-colored bumpers, a new radiator grill, now consisting not of two triangular grilles, but of six arched slots of different sizes, a new pattern of rims, new plastic side skirts.
As before, the aggressive predatory “beak”, crowned with the company logo, attracts attention. The body lines have become soft and smooth in a modern way, a high waist line with two stiffening ribs on the sides stands out. Volumetric and roomy trunk opens from the inside. In the spirit of modern trends, special attention is paid to the safety of the driver and passengers. The cars have a reinforced body with side stiffeners and are equipped with airbags.
In 2000, at the Turin Motor Show, the premiere of new models of the 147 series took place, replacing the 3-door Alfa 145 hatchbacks.